Copyright Policy

The copyright policy of NUML International Journal of Business & Management (NIJBM) is based on a non-exclusive publishing agreement, according to which the journal retains the right of first publication. However, author(s) retain the rights of free downloading/unlimited e-print of full text and sharing/disseminating the article without any restriction, by any means. The author(s) assign the National University of Modern Languages and NIJBM a non-exclusive license to use this manuscript in courses of instructions, personal use, and for worldwide publication, distribution, and reprinting in any language, media, and forms.

Plagiarism is strictly forbidden. NIJBM provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Authors will be responsible for any information written/informed/reported in the submitted manuscript.